An extruder is a high-temperature short-time bio-reactor that transforms a variety of raw ingredients into modified, intermediate and finished products.
Selected Scientific Papers
High-temperature, short-time (HTST) extrusion cooking can change the nutritional value or the functionality of feed ingredients.
A method has been developed for the screening, confirmation and determination of thirteen antibiotics in distillers grains (DG)
This article contributes to the ongoing debate regarding the sustainability of fishmeal and fish oil in aquaculture diets. It demonstrates why the “Fish In, Fish Out” metric, which is frequently used to show how many units of wild fish is needed to produce one unit of farmed fish, is not a valid tool for measuring the sustainability or efficiency of aquaculture production.
The starting point for all publications from IFREMER (Institut français de recherche pour l'exploitation de la mer), the French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea
Increasing pressure on freshwater resources due to terrestrial feed ingredients for aquaculture production
Terrestrial alternatives for fish meal and fish oil increase the water footprint and economic water productivity may be reduced due to alternative feed formulations, warns new study.
These aquaculture publications are available as free downloads from the ISU Extension Online Store
Feed processing and technology from KSU's Grain Science Library
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