R.P. Subasinghe, J.R. Arthur, D.M. Bartley, S.S. De Silva, M. Halwart, N. Hishamunda, C.V. Mohan & P. Sorgeloos, (Eds.) (2012)
According to World Food Summit 1996, food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to enough safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy lifestyle. In order to be food secure, the food should be available and affordable.
For the more than a billion people who do not get enough regular, healthy food, ill health and a shorter life expectancy are real risks. Children, and especially very young children, who suffer from food insecurity will be less developed than children of the same age who have had sufficient food. Aquaculture offers a significant opportunity for improving food security and nutrition by providing nutritious, yes affordable protein to many millions of people worldwide. The increase in global population, gradual depletion of finite resources required form sustainable expansion and development of aquaculture poses threats to future fish global protein supply. Over and above, the impacts of climate change are also posing threats to sustainable aquaculture development thus requiring focused implementation of mitigation and adaptation strategies.
Current paper describes how aquaculture is perceived to contributes to improving food and nutrition security and the mitigations required for overcoming climate change and other environmental challenges for maintaining sustainability of the sector.
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